Learning Math: Why Kids Get Frustrated and What Parents Can Do

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When it comes to learning math, some students do just fine. Others, unfortunately, seem to hit all the snags and pitfalls while trying to learn.

Why is learning math frustrating for so many? Even those who are bright and hardworking have difficulty. Elementary school and high school require math and most college degrees require math too. College classes get bottlenecked with students who are taking the same math class for the second or third time. I’ve often heard, “I just have to pass this math class or I won’t graduate!”

As an educator, I have hypothesized why this occurs and it doesn’t have anything to do with intelligence.

When learning math, a student must engage their full attention to the instruction. All it takes is for a student to daydream for a just few minutes and the whole week’s key points can be lost to the learner.

Learning math is a sequential process. Learners need to be firm with all the steps that lead up to the final answer and they need to be provided adequate time to process and practice just-taught information before a new concept is introduced. For some students, information presented in math books needs to be broken down into sub-steps that are not found in the textbooks–information that would need to be fine-tuned by the instructor. Unfortunately, because of classroom limits, there just isn’t enough time to teach at every student’s skill level or to break down math information for those who need it most.

A typical classroom of math students rarely starts on an even academic playing field. The differences and needs can be vast. Because of the abstract nature of mathematics, some students require multi-sensory techniques and extra drill and practice in order to catch on. There simply is not enough time to do this in most classes and if parents are unavailable or don’t understand math themselves, the students suffer. It is hard for teachers to meet the needs of all math students, even with their earnest efforts and best intentions. Because of this, many math students never realize their full potential.

While working with students, I have found that the most glaring deficit in math understanding is a skill called “number sense” or the ability to have a feel for mathematical amounts. Students who have developed number sense do much better in math. Weak math students often produce answers that are not even close to being correct. They won’t think to challenge whether their answer is logical–an indication they lack number sense.

Good news! Even though academic frustration seems rampant, math frustration can be minimized with the help of adults playing math games or activities at home. Math games can be fun and are motivating. They develop number sense and actually get kids to want to be involved. There are no class grades tied to the outcome. These activities do not need to be purchased and here’s more good news–no tricky math understanding is needed for the adult. Any type of math game holds value and don’t let the word “game” make you think that a math game is not academically worthy.

Here are some ideas. Some can be played alone.

  • Grab a handful of anything–jellybeans, marbles, paper clips, or pennies–anything that can produce “a bunch of.” Have the child guess and write down the estimate, then count to confirm. Hands-on counting is a wonderful activity for students that need tactile validation.
  • Find another handful of anything, estimate the amount, and then grab another handful of the same amount. Do the different handfuls hold the same amount?
  • How many cereal Os does the child eat each morning?
  • What is the value of a handful of pennies, nickels, dimes, or mixed coins?
  • Fill three different sized cups with the same item. Estimate and write down how many is in one of them, count, then estimate how many are in the others.
  • Look quickly in a drawer, close the drawer and then estimate how many items are in it.
  • Estimate amounts in a see-through container. Guess the amount, write it on paper, count to confirm.
  • Estimate the weight of a backpack.
  • How much time would it take to reach a certain destination?
  • Place three pennies on the counter. How many more are needed to make ten pennies? Repeat using different amounts that will equal ten. Put twelve cents on a counter. How much more will make fifty cents?
  • How long would it take to earn a certain amount of money?
  • How long would it take to earn $1,000 if you earned $5 a day walking the dog?
  • How long would it take to spend a million dollars, spending a specific amount each day?
  • How many inches would a 100-foot building be?
  • Estimate weights of objects, then step on a scale. Fill a bag with items, or a suitcase, estimate the weight.
  • Arrange objects heaviest to lightest.
  • For older students, determine how many miles they can travel by car for 6 or 8 hours by traveling 55, then 65 miles per hour.
  • Finally, discuss the child’s strategies used for their estimating.

Games such as these increase a students’ number sense and math confidence, and allows them to transfer their learned information into the classroom. Instead of just guessing the answer and hoping to be lucky, students will better know when their answer seems logical or have enough mathematical sense and confidence to keep on working.

By Maureen Stearns, an author, parent, and educator who has been teaching struggling learners for over 20 years. She holds both Exceptional Student Education and Community Psychology Degrees. She recently wrote Multiply and Divide with Sticks and Steps®: Teach this Easy Method in Just 5 Minutes. www.sticksandsteps.com or www.ksblinks.com

 

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  1. Baby Storytime

    April 23 @ 10:30 am
    April 23, 2018  |  10:30 am - 10:30 am
    South Beach Library
    Babies from birth to 24 months and their parents/caregivers can enjoy great books, lively songs, rhymes and meet other babies in the neighborhood.
  2. All Join In!

    April 23 @ 11:00 am
    April 23, 2018  |  11:00 am - 11:00 am
    Stapleton Library
    Come for stories, songs, action rhymes and coloring!  Have fun meeting other little ones in the neighborhood and their caregivers.
  3. Toddler Story Time

    April 23 @ 11:00 am
    April 23, 2018  |  11:00 am - 11:00 am
    Great Kills Library
    Toddlers from 18 months to 3 years old and their parents/caregivers can enjoy interactive stories, action songs, and fingerplays, and spend time with other toddlers in the neighborhood.
  4. Toddler Storytime

    April 23 @ 11:30 am
    April 23, 2018  |  11:30 am - 11:30 am
    South Beach Library
    Toddlers from 18 months to 3 years old and their parents/caregivers can enjoy interactive stories, action songs, and fingerplays, and spend time with other toddlers in the neighborhood. First come, first served basis.
  5. Baby Space!

    April 23 @ 11:45 am
    April 23, 2018  |  11:45 am - 11:45 am
    St. George Library
    Songs, rhymes, movements, and stories for babies! This program is geared toward confident walkers up to age 23 months. Please register for the first class you will attend.
  6. Homework Help for Children

    April 23 @ 3:00 pm - 5:00 pm
    April 23, 2018  |  3:00 pm - 5:00 pm
    Port Richmond Library
    Need help completing your homework assignments? Stop by during homework help hours.  We are here to help with basic questions! Children ages 6-11.
  7. Mouse Craft

    April 23 @ 3:30 pm
    April 23, 2018  |  3:30 pm - 3:30 pm
    South Beach Library
    Squeak squeak! Rodents in the library? Join us to make this special mouse craft and you will realize why some say that mice are nice!
  8. Designing a Dream City

    April 23 @ 4:00 pm
    April 23, 2018  |  4:00 pm - 4:00 pm
    Tottenville Library
    If you could create your own city what would it have? Would there be a playground? How would you get from place to place? Where would you live? Let your imagination run wild and create your very own city in
  9. Mad Scientist Mondays

    April 23 @ 4:00 pm
    April 23, 2018  |  4:00 pm - 4:00 pm
    New Dorp Library
    Join us as we journey into the unknown! Mad Scientists will focus on science lessons coupled with fun experiments. Ages 5 & up with caregiver.
  10. Lego Free Play

    April 23 @ 5:00 pm - 6:00 pm
    April 23, 2018  |  5:00 pm - 6:00 pm
    New Dorp Library
    We have legos! Come to the library and build whatever you want. Ages 3 & up with caregiver.